Using renewable energies in central courtyard as the archetype of sustainable design in traditional Iranian architecture
B yFahimeh Yari,

PHD Student & researcher in Road, Housing and Urban Development Research Center, Tehran, Iran

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Summary

Iranian architect always tries to design the structure in a sort of to provide convenience for users. Whether such convenience makes comfort for the body and soul such as observing the privacy, being duty bound to the artistic values of architecture design or for the soul such as observing the principles of climatic design and observing the harmony. With regard to the climatic varieties in Iran, the traditional architecture try to take different solutions to provide such climatic comfort which each one of this scheme differs from another one based on the changes in climate. Regarding the variety of climate in Iran, court garden is one of the alternatives used by the Iranian architects in hot and arid, cold and arid, hot and humid and even humid and temperate climates.

In this study, we are analyzing the court garden from climatic viewpoint because it is known as a comfortable element in Iranian architecture.

To analyze the climatic parameters in the mosque having the court garden, this analysis will be provided.

Ultimately, we intend to respond to this question that is there any climatic justification for the court garden in different climates or other elements were paid attention by the Iranian architects in this regard?

Key words: Court garden, Iranian mosques climate, climatic comfort, Iranian traditional architecture.